By James Lester, David Allen, Kelly M Hill
Environmental Injustice within the usa offers systematic perception into the social, financial, and political dynamics of environmental decision-making, and the affects of these judgements on minority groups. the 1st a part of the ebook examines heavily the background of the environmental justice circulate and the scholarly literature thus far, with a dialogue approximately how the difficulty made the general public time table within the first position. the second one a part of the e-book is a distinct quantitative research of the connection between race, type, political mobilization, and environmental damage at 3 levels-- nation, county, and town. regardless of the preliminary skepticism of the authors, their research reveals either race and sophistication to be major variables in explaining styles of environmental damage. The 3rd a part of the e-book then deals coverage options to decisionmakers, in keeping with the book's findings. It was once named a call extraordinary educational e-book of 2001.
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Additional info for Environmental Injustice In The U.S.: Myths And Realities
What had started as a 1970s issue of inner-city environmental concerns about the disproportionate distribution of environmental hazards among low-income communities transformed into allegations of intentional environmental racism. Although this definition of the problem prevailed throughout the 1980s, the issue did not make progress in the policy stream for a variety of reasons, most of them due to the Reagan administration's positions on traditional environmentalism and the civil rights movement.
As a result, the issue may gain the attention of national policymakers and move toward taking a place on the public agenda. Although it was not labeled as such, early stages of the environmental justice movement have origins in two events in 1967 and 1968. These events provided the backdrop for what was later to become a larger movement for environmental equality. In 1967, Houston was the site of a demonstration to protest the siting of a city-owned garbage dump in a largely African American community.
Many other measures besides race, class, and mobilization—as suggested by the environmental politics literature—could have been used as independent variables. We discuss these variables in Chapter 4. , state, county, city, ZIP code, SMSA), when what is needed is multiple analyses at several different levels. Finding evidence of environmental injustice at the county level says nothing about the relationship between toxic exposures, race, class, and mobilization at other levels of analysis, such as states and cities.