Cross-Border Marriages: Gender and Mobility in Transnational by Nicole Constable

By Nicole Constable

Illuminating how overseas marriages are negotiated, prepared, and skilled, Cross-Border Marriages is the 1st e-book to chart marital migrations related to men and women of various nationwide, ethnic, and sophistication backgrounds. The migrations studied the following pass geographical borders of provinces, rural-urban borders inside of realms, and overseas limitations, together with these of China, Japan, South Korea, India, Vietnam, the Philippines, the us, and Canada. assumptions concerning the connection among foreign marriages and poverty, opportunism, and women's mobility, the ebook attracts cognizance to rules approximately worldwide styles of inequality which are concept to strain terrible girls to to migrate to richer international locations, whereas concurrently suggesting the restrictions of such views.

Breaking from reports that regard the foreign bride as a sufferer of situation and the mechanisms of foreign marriage as site visitors in commodified ladies, those essays problem any uncomplicated thought of world hypergamy and current a nuanced figuring out the place various components, now not the least of that is wish, come into play. certainly, so much modern marriage-scapes contain girls who relocate for you to marry; hardly ever is it the boys. yet Nicole Constable and the quantity participants display that, opposite to renowned trust, those brides aren't unavoidably bad, nor do they categorically marry males who're above them at the socioeconomic ladder.

Although usually ladies might sound to be relocating "up" from a much less built state to a extra constructed one, they don't inevitably circulation larger at the chain of monetary assets. Complicating those and different assumptions approximately foreign marriages, the essays during this quantity draw from interviews and wealthy ethnographic fabrics to ascertain women's and men's organization, their motivations for marriage, and the significance of familial pressures and responsibilities, cultural imaginings, fantasies, and needs, as well as own and fiscal factors.

Border-crossing marriages are major for what they show in regards to the intersection of neighborhood and international methods within the daily lives of ladies and males whose marital possibilities variably yield either wealthy percentages and sour disappointments.

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Because her future in-laws had not allowed her to return home before her parents agreed to the match, the union was already agreed to by the time she did return. " Li's father-in-law was a politically powerful official, and her parents had been apprehensive about refusing his proposals of an arranged marriage between the couple. Although Li's marriage is widely viewed as an elopement, she insists that she did not intend to elope and that she had no choice in the matter of her marriage. On the other end of the continuum: Quan and Hua, who lived in villages in the Lijiang basin, met and fell in love while working in Lijiang town.

But beyond this definitional sense of "border," how do the marriages in this case hold up? Of course, these marriages created links across national borders. Yet, they occurred among Hakka Chinese from Mei Xian. As Arjun Appadurai has reminded us, "as groups migrate [and] regroup in new locations . . the ethno in ethnography takes on a slippery, nonlocalizcd quality" (1996:48). And, he continues, though there are "stable communities and networks of kinship, friendship, work, and leisure, as well as birth, residence and other filiative forms.

Most rural Naxi women speak some Yunnanese, a Chinese dialect, but Naxi is their first language. It is not clear if the earliest Zhejiang arrivals were marriage brokers and kidnappers, or just unmarried men in search of wives. " Qing's sister had willingly gone to Zhejiang to be introduced to a prospective groom after being persuaded by a female friend, who had herself married a Zhejiang man. Qing's sister made her decision after hearing that men did all the farmwork in Zhejiang, leaving women responsible only for housework.

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