Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary? by De-Zheng Sun, Frank Bryan

By De-Zheng Sun, Frank Bryan

Published via the yankee Geophysical Union as a part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.

Climate Dynamics: Why Does weather Vary? offers the most important weather phenomena in the weather procedure to underscore the efficiency of dynamics in giving upward thrust to weather swap and variability. those phenomena contain deep convection over the Indo-Pacific hot pool and its planetary-scale association: the Madden-Julian Oscillation, the monsoons, the El Nino-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and the low-frequency variability of extratropical circulations. the amount additionally has a bankruptcy concentrating on the dialogue of the motives of the new melting of Arctic sea ice and a bankruptcy dedicated to the dialogue of the motives of modern alterations within the frequency and depth of tropical cyclones. On every one subject, the fundamental fabric of weather dynamics is roofed to assist the knowledge of the leading edge study, making the amount obtainable to a huge spectrum of readers.

The quantity highlights include

  • Diabatic and nonlinear facets of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation
  • Causes of sea ice melting within the Arctic
  • Impact of worldwide warming on tropical cyclone activity
  • Origins of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation
  • Causes of weather variability of Asian monsoons

The quantity can be of specific curiosity to graduate scholars and younger researchers in atmospheric and oceanic sciences and similar disciplines similar to geology and geography. The e-book can be a very good learn in case you have a extra normal curiosity within the Earth's weather and why it varies.

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Additional resources for Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?

Sample text

As the convective heating largely depends on the moisture convergence, the shifted moisture center will lead to the northward displacement of the convective heating and thus the convection tends to move northward. Another possible process that leads to the northward shift of the moisture is through the advection effect by the ISO wind in the presence of the mean meridional specific humidity gradient [Li and Wang, 1994]. The meridional distribution of JJA surface specific humidity averaged over the Indian subcontinent sector shows that the maximum moisture is located around 208N over the northern Indian Ocean.

Then, by analyzing the spatial and temporal patterns of atmospheric circulation associated with the two bands, we intend to investigate physical processes responsible for the rainfall variability on the two time scales. The primary data used in this study are the domainaveraged Indian rainfall, NCAR/NCEP reanalysis that includes wind, moisture, temperature and geopotential height fields, and the Reynolds SST [Reynolds and Smith, 1994] for the period of 1949–1998. The Indian rainfall is represented by an area-averaged precipitation from 26 stations reasonably distributed over the Indian subcontinent.

Thorpe, A. , and M. J. Miller (1978), Numerical simulations showing the role of the downdraught in cumulonimbus motion and splitting, Q. J. R. Meteorol. , 104, 873 – 893. Thorpe, A. , M. J. Miller, and M. W. Moncrieff (1980), Dynamical models of two-dimensional updraughts and downdraughts, Q. J. R. Meteorol. , 106, 463 – 484. Thorpe, A. , M. J. Miller, and M. W. Moncrieff (1982), Twodimensional convection in nonconstant shear: A model of mid-latitude squall lines, Q. J. R. Meteorol. , 108, 739 – 762.

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