By Otto Santa Ana
''This is a hugely major contribution to scholarship in different fields--e. g. sociology, sociolinguistics, cultural reports, political experiences, ethnic reports. . . . the mix of lucid and rational thought, wealthy facts set, and thoroughly reasoned research ends up in an surprisingly strong book.'' --Ronald Schmidt Sr., writer of Language coverage and identification Politics within the usa ''. . . awash lower than a brown tide . . . the relentless move of immigrants . . . like waves on a seashore, those human flows are remaking the face of the USA . . .'' seeing that 1993, metaphorical language comparable to this has permeated mainstream media reporting at the usa' becoming Latino inhabitants. during this groundbreaking booklet, Otto Santa Ana argues that faraway from being mere figures of speech, such metaphors produce and maintain destructive public perceptions of the Latino neighborhood and its position in American society, precluding the view that Latinos are vested with an identical rights and privileges as different voters. using the insights of cognitive metaphor conception to an intensive usual language info set drawn from countless numbers of articles within the l. a. instances and different media, Santa Ana unearths how metaphorical language portrays Latinos as invaders, outsiders, burdens, parasites, ailments, animals, and weeds. He convincingly demonstrates that 3 anti-Latino referenda handed in California due to such imagery, fairly the notorious anti-immigrant degree, Proposition 187. Santa Ana illustrates how Proposition 209 organizers broadcast compelling new metaphors approximately racism to cajole an citizens that had formerly supported affirmative motion to prohibit it. He additionally exhibits how Proposition 227 supporters used antiquated metaphors for studying, tuition, and language accountable Latino kid's speech--rather than gross structural inequity--for their colleges' failure to teach them. Santa Ana concludes through calling for the production of rebel metaphors to contest oppressive U.S. public discourse approximately minority groups.
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Additional resources for Brown Tide Rising: Metaphors of Latinos in Contemporary American Public Discourse
In the cognitive account, in contrast, each new meaning is explained as a new variant generated on the basis of a productive ontological correspondence, that is, a metaphor. Sweetser’s analysis of the development across time of change in the meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and perception verbs incorporates metaphoric and cultural aspects of cognitive structure in order to explain the changes in meaning of some words, and the multiple meanings of these and related words. ’’ Using established comparative linguistic methods, Sweetser found evidence of an ancient metaphor, , which captures a pattern across these languages.
Analyses of the predominant metaphors surrounding these referenda make up Part II of the book. This begins with Chapter , which covers the public discourse and debate surrounding Proposition , the anti-immigration referendum. The questions that are evaluated in terms of the predominant metaphorization of political issues in this chapter include: What distinguishes a citizen from an immigrant? and What is immigration? Chapter deals with the public discourse, both in the s and the s, on aﬃrmative action, which was at issue in Proposition .
2. Hierarchies of mappings by higher-level metaphors. Thus the congruence of metaphoric thinking is due in part to its basis in foundational human experience. The validity of the source domain experience, namely space, motion, and force, is beyond question. It is the embodied knowledge which people employ in daily life. As Lakoﬀ states, we ﬁrst learned it as infants in our life experience in our little bodies. 52 Hence Lakoﬀ ’s epistemology is termed Embodied Realism. As space, motion, and force notions are invoked in metaphoric thinking, these corporeal verities provide a comprehensible and generally unquestioned basis for higher-level linkages, including dominance relations that make up part of the social order.