By Anderson J. M.
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H will include the linear equations, for instance ():r2 + 2x - I = 0), then all roots of cubic equation with coefficients < 3, etc. (b) Derive from part (a) that. there exist transcendental numbers, in fact uncountably many of them. 5 Show that, if f : [a. b] - [a. h] is continuous. 6 Show that if p(x) is a polynomial of odd degree with real coefficients, then there is a real number c such that f(c) = 0. 1 Verify the nine rules for addition and multiplication of complex numhers. Statements (5) and (9) are the only ones that are not immediate.
There are five standard basis vectors: The standard basis vectors in II82 and AY3 are often denoted i, j, and k: 1 1 i = e, = llj or 0 1 or 101 e1 = 0 f0 0 1 , e'2= 0 . e5= 0 . 6 (Standard basis vectors). The standard basis vectors in 18" are the vectors ej with n entries, the jth entry 1 and the others zero. 01 k=e3= [oJ We do not use this notation but mention it in case you encounter it elsewhere. Geometrically, there is a close connection between the standard basis vectors in 1182 and a choice of axes in the Euclidean plane.
Note that for AB to exist, the width of A must equal the height of B. The resulting matrix then has the height of A and the width of B. 3 (Matrix multiplication). 1, (2 x 1) + (-1 x 3) = -1. The second entry is obtained by multiplying the first row of A by the second column of B: (2 x 4) + (-1 x 0) = 8. After multiplying the first row of A by all the columns of B, the process is repeated with the second row of A: (3 x 1) + (2 x 3) = 9, and so on. c" [A)[B) = [AB] D " ... "-Manfred R. Schroeder, "Number Theory and the Real World," Mathematical lntelligencer, Vol.